Archer Audio Archives   
1900-1909 | 1910-1919 | 1920-1929 | 1930-1939 | 1940-1949
1950-1959 | 1960-1969 | 1970-1979 | 1980-1989 | 1990-1999


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1963

A hotline was established between Washington, D.C. and Moscow for dealing with hot issues like the Cuban Crisis.

The Hearst Corporation closed New York's Daily Mirror after unions got their pay raises following a 114-day strike.

A quarter-million people joined the civil rights March On Washington, at which Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his legendary "I Have A Dream" speech.

20 weeks after civic leaders and civil rights groups negotated an integration plan in Birmingham, Alabama, a bomb killed four children at a black church.

The U.S. Post Office implemented the Zip Code, which replaced zone designations in large cities and added 5 digits to all American addresses. Ethel Merman sang the official campaign jingle.

President John F. Kennedy was assassinated during a motorcade procession in Dallas on November 22nd. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as chief executive hours after the assassination. American TV networks dropped all programming and advertising to cover the event. Top 40 radio stations began playing sombre choral music. Two days after president's murder, alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald was shot and killed by Jack Ruby in the basement of the Dallas Municipal Building. A stunned audience watched the killing on live television as police were escorting Oswald to the county jail.

Little Stevie Wonder made his chart debut with Fingertips Part II, a harmonica instrumental. Other hits included It's My Party (And I'll Cry If I Want To) by Leslie Gore, He's So Fine by the Chiffons and the hootenanny hit Walk Right In by the Rooftop Singers.

The release by small U.S. record label Vee Jay of the Beatles' singles Please Please Me and From Me To You went unnoticed. The day after Christmas, Capitol Records released their massive U.S. debut hit, I Want To Hold Your Hand, to radio stations.



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